Combining Conditions & Boolean Operators

The AND operator can be used to join two or more conditions in the WHERE clause. Both sides of the AND condition must be true in order for the condition to be met and for those rows to be displayed.

SELECT column1, 
SUM(column2) 

FROM "list-of-tables" 

WHERE "condition1" AND 
"condition2";

The OR operator can be used to join two or more conditions in the WHERE clause also. However, either side of the OR operator can be true and the condition will be met – hence, the rows will be displayed. With the OR operator, either side can be true or both sides can be true.

For example:

SELECT employeeid, firstname, lastname, title, salary 

FROM employee_info 

WHERE salary >= 45000.00 AND title = 'Programmer';

This statement will select the employeeid, firstname, lastname, title, and salary from the employee_info table where the salary is greater than or equal to 50000.00 AND the title is equal to ‘Programmer’. Both of these conditions must be true in order for the rows to be returned in the query. If either is false, then it will not be displayed.

Although they are not required, you can use parentheses around your conditional expressions to make it easier to read:

SELECT employeeid, firstname, lastname, title, salary 

FROM employee_info 

WHERE (salary >= 45000.00) AND (title = 'Programmer');

Another Example:

SELECT firstname, lastname, title, salary 

FROM employee_info 

WHERE (title = 'Sales') OR (title = 'Programmer');

This statement will select the firstname, lastname, title, and salary from the employee_info table where the title is either equal to ‘Sales’ OR the title is equal to ‘Programmer’.

Use these tables for the exercises
items_ordered
customers

Review Exercises

  1. Select the customerid, order_date, and item from the items_ordered table for all items unless they are ‘Snow Shoes’ or if they are ‘Ear Muffs’. Display the rows as long as they are not either of these two items.

    Show Answer

  2. Select the item and price of all items that start with the letters ‘S’, ‘P’, or ‘F’.

    Show Answer

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